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Definition

Acne Scars are the marks or pimples. They may occur anywhere on the body. Acne includes whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts and nodules. However, acne most often appears in areas where there is a high concentration of sebaceous glands, like on the face, neck, chest, shoulders and upper back. It is one of most common skin conditions in the world. Acne is common in adolescents and young adults. Almost 85 percent of people between the ages of 12 & 24 are affected by acne. It is now afflicting 40 to 50 million Americans.

Based on the shape of tissue, acne scars are divided in two categories. One type of scar consists of increased skin tissue, and the other is specified by the decrease in tissue on the site of acne.

Causes

Actual cause of acne is unknown. It is mainly caused when the hair pores on the skin become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Doctors believe it results from several related factors. It has no proper cause that doctors believe that it has there own cause. One important factor is an increase in hormones called androgens which are male sex hormones, primarily testosterone, certainly play a large role. It is mainly occur in teenager.

The hair, sebum, and keratinocytes that fill the narrow follicle may produce a plug, which is an early sign of acne. The plug prevents sebum from reaching the surface of the skin through a pore. The mixture of oil and cells allows bacteria Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) that normally live on the skin to grow in the plugged follicles. These bacteria produce chemicals and enzymes and attract white blood cells that cause inflammation.

Symptoms

Acne can take the following forms:

  • Whiteheads: These are created when the openings of hair follicles become clogged and blocked with oil secretions and dead skin.
  • Blackheads: These are similar to whiteheads, but are open to the skin surface and darken.
  • Pimples: These are raised, reddish spots that signal inflammation or infection in the hair follicles.
  • Cysts: These are thick lumps beneath the surface of the skin, which are formed by the buildup of secretions deep within hair follicles.

Treatment & medicines

Use moisturiser, make-up and sunscreen products that are hypoallergenic and low in oil and alcohol. Some products use the description 'non-comedo genic' and/or non-acnegenic. This means they have been tested and shown not to worsen acne. They can be used in acne treatment.

Sometimes a dermatologist may combine two or more treatment options. A patient may be instructed to use one medication in the morning and the other at night. Or, two medications may be combined in one prescription medication. Due to possible side effects, over-the-counter medications should not be combined unless directed by a dermatologist or other medical practitioner. This is good acne medicine.

Another effective remedy in the area of nutrition that seems to offer new promise of help for acne is zinc. It has shown dramatic results in some cases. Zinc should be taken in therapeutic doses of 50 mg three times a day. Zinc is available in tablet and in capsule form.

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