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Definition

Pubic lice (often called "crabs") and scabies (itch mites) are tiny insects that live on the skin. They are sometimes spread sexually, but you can also pick them up by using the same bed linen, clothes, or towels as an infected person. Scabies mites can live up to 4 days without a human host. During this time, the mites may spread to other people from clothing, bed linens, and other household and personal items.

Causes

Scabies is highly contagious through skin to skin contact. Although the mite doesn't live very long away from people, it can be contracted by sleeping in the bed of someone who has the problem. The scabies mite cannot fly or jump, and it moves very slowly.

Symptoms

The rash can be anywhere on your body but is most common on the hands, breasts, elbows, knees, wrists, armpits, genital area, and waistline. Blisters may break when your child scratches them. Skin may become thick, scaly, and have scratch marks. Young children usually get the rash on their hands, feet, armpits, and sometimes their scalp and face. The armpits, between the buttocks and around the genitalia are also common sites, while in babies the palms and soles may show burrows.

Treatment

Many prescription products are available. The most commonly used cream is Elimite (permethrin). In difficult cases, an oral antibiotic called ivermectin may be used.

cabies can be treated with a cream from your doctor. Even after the cream gets rid of mites, a child may still be itchy for a few weeks. It doesn’t mean that the mites are still there. It just means that the child is still reacting to them.

Benzyl benzoate emulsion is washed off after 24 hours and repeated 2 or 3 times. Has to be diluted in 2 to 3 times more water in infants or young children the solution to help reduce skin irritation?

Antihistamines may be prescribed to relieve itching, which can last for weeks, even after the mite is gone.  Getting rid of the mites is critical in the treatment of scabies. Everyone in the family or group, whether itching or not, should be treated at the same time to stop the spread of scabies. This includes close friends, day care or school classmates, or nursing homes.

Each treatment with scabicide should be followed the next morning by laundering or dry cleaning of sheets and pillow cases and any clothes worn against the skin over the last week. Clean carpet and furnishings with a vacuum cleaner.

Home Remedies: Pure tea tree oil is probably the easiest and most effective way to rid scabies. The remedy is simple and convenient to use. Keep a bottle in your bathroom in preparation for any future infections.

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