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Definition

Strawberry hemangiomas are a type of birthmark. They consist of an abnormally dense group of widened blood vessels. They appear on the surface of the skin. Mostly the color of strawberry is red. But in few children it is found as blue spongy masses. Hemangiomas may be present anywhere on the body. However, they are most disturbing to parents when they are on the infant's face or head. Hemangiomas of the eyelid may interfere with the development of normal vision and must be treated in the first few months of life.

Causes

The exact cause of hemangiomas is not known. Hemangiomas may be present anywhere on the body. However, they are most disturbing to parents when they are on the infant's face or head. Hemangiomas of the eyelid may interfere with the development of normal vision and must be treated in the first few months of life.

A risk factor is something that increases your chances of getting a disease or condition. Your baby is more likely to have a hemangioma if it is female, Caucasian, and premature.

Symptoms

A hemangioma may be present at birth or appear during the first several weeks of life. It starts out as a flat red mark anywhere on the body, most often the face, scalp, back or chest.

Most hemangiomas grow rapidly, doubling their size and then plateau for a while before collapsing and disappearing. When the color becomes dull, or the center appears gray or pinkish-gray, the hemangioma may be entering the slow disappearing phase.

Treatment

Alpha Interferon therapy is limited to the most severe and potentially life threatening hemangiomas. It involves administering systemic medication via daily shots, usually into the leg, for several months. It is usually given to the baby by the parents under physician direction and supervision. This therapy has serious potential side effects including neurologic effects, blood abnormalities and others.

Using medicine is already a good option for treated with Strawberry hemangiomas. Medicine name Corticosteroids can be injected, given by mouth or applied to the skin. Sometimes long-term or repeated treatment is needed. The risks are potentially serious, including poor growth, high blood sugar, and high blood pressure and clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye.

Recently, lasers have been used to reduce the bulk of the hemangiomas. Lasers emitting yellow light can selectively damage the vessels in the hemangioma without damaging the overlying skin. Some physicians are using a combination of steroid injection and laser therapy together.

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