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Definition

A sty is a pimple or abscess on the upper or lower edge of the eyelid. It is a sign of an infected eyelid gland. The bacteria which are involved are usually Staphylococcus aureus. These bacteria also cause impetigo. Therefore if the patient is ill by impetigo, then chances of eye sty is very high. In the medical science a sty is known as hordeolum. Fortunately, most sties disappear in just a few days. In the meantime, you can sometimes relieve the pain or discomfort of a sty with simple self-care treatments. .In children who are susceptible to styes, gently cleaning the eyelid with a clean, warm washcloth can help prevent the pores from becoming clogged.

Causes

A stye is caused by an infection in the sebaceous (oil producing) or sweat glands in the eyelid. The infection is usually caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus. A stye is caused by an infection in the sebaceous or sweat glands in the eyelid. This infection is usually caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus. Contaminated fingers that touch the eye area also can cause infection. It usually does no harm, but sometimes it invades the skin to cause infections such as boils, abscesses, styes, etc.

Symptoms

Common symptoms are-

  • Redness, swelling, and pain in a localized area of the eye.
  • An external sty may be noted when there is a tender red nodule present below the lid margin; an internal sty may not have a visible nodule.
  • Slightly blurred vision.
  • Tearing of the eye
  • Discomfort when blinking

Treatment to cure eye stye

Most stye will open and drain on their own within a few days, but you may be able to help your baby's sty heal more quickly with a simple home remedy. Just apply a clean, warm (not hot), wet washcloth to your baby's infected eye.

Drug therapy can be prescribed by your health care provider. Do not use any medicine without checking with your health care provider. Mostly, drug which we have to use are an antibiotic eye drops/ointment and, occasionally, an antibiotic taken by mouth. Carefully follow the directions prescribed by your health care provider.

Hot compresses may help to ease soreness and clear the pus. Hold a clean flannel that has been in hot water gently but firmly against the closed eye. Do this for about 20 minutes, 3-4 times a day.

The best way to prevent eyes sties is simply to wash your hands regularly and avoiding touching your eyes. It's especially important for children, who may rub their eyes when tired or under stress.

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