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Definition

Telogen effluvium is a prominent cause of hair loss in women. Hair growth occurs in a cycle which is divided into three phases: a growth phase, a regression phase and a resting phase. Different hairs are in different stages of the cycle at any one time. Telogen Effluvium appears to affect more women than men because more of the precipitating event such as childbirth is experienced by women. The normal average scalp has 100,000 hairs. Approximately 90% are in anagen, 10% in telogen. Normal average daily hair fallout is 100 hairs. With telogen effluvium, the anagen/telogen ratio may be shifted to 70% anagen, 30% telogen, with average daily shedding of 300 hairs.

Causes

A telogen effluvium is not caused by topical medications. But because there is a required time lapse of several months between the inciting cause and the excessive shedding of hair, the exact cause of the telogen effluvium is often not positively identified.There are a huge number of causes of Telogen effluvium such as high fever, psychological stress, infections, any major surgery or illness, childbirth. During pregnancy, more hair follicles are maintained in the growth phase. After pregnancy, a greater proportion of these hairs go into the resting phase, causing a temporary self-correcting increased shedding of the hair. The old hair will be forced out of the follicle by a new hair that is formed beneath it. This will cause a period of diffuse hair shedding. This condition is usually self correcting and can affect people of all ages.

Symptoms

If you have telogen effluvium, a lot of hairs fall out from your scalp. This is more than normal and most noticeable when you wash your hair. Your scalp hair may feel or look less dense than usual. Often, though, the hair loss is subtle, and other people may not notice anything different about your hair. Telogen effluvium usually occurs about 1-3 months after a major stress to the body.

Treatment

As far as treatment is concerned, telogen effluvium usually disappears as the effects of the trauma previously experienced begin to wear off.

Consequently, there are no treatments specific to this condition although a product such as minoxidil (Rogaine) may help to accelerate the regrowth process. Those who suffer from telogen effluvium can take comfort in knowing that their hair loss is usually reversible. In the meantime, there are styling tips to help cope with the condition’s effects.

You should also ensure a nutritious diet, with plenty of protein, fruit and vegetables. The doctor may check your levels of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid, as any deficiency in these can slow hair growth.


The doctor can prescribe some lotion such as minoxidil, Nizoral shampoo and TricominTherapy Spray to stimulate the hair growth.

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